Section IUse of English
Directions：Read thefollowing text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered black and mark A, B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points)
The Internetaffords anonymity to its users, a blessing to privacy and freedom of speech.But that very anonymity is also behind the explosion of cyber-crime thathas 1 across the Web.
Can privacybe preserved 2 bringing safety and security to a worldthat seems increasingly 3 ?
Last month,Howard Schmidt, the nation’s cyber-czar, offered the federal government a 4 to make the Web a safer place-a “voluntary trusted identity” system that would be the high-tech 5 of a physical key, a fingerprint and a photo ID card, all rolled 6 one. The system might use a smart identity card, or a digitalcredential 7 to a specific computer .and wouldauthenticate users at a range of online services.
The idea isto 8 a federation of private online identitysystems. User could 9 which system to join, and only registeredusers whose identities have been authenticated could navigate those systems.The approach contrasts with one that would require an Internet driver’slicense 10 by the government.
Google andMicrosoft are among companies that already have these“single sign-on”systems that make it possible forusers to 11 just once but use many different services.
12 .the approach would create a “walled garden” n cyberspace, with safe “neighborhoods” and bright “streetlights” to establish a sense of a 13 community.
Mr. Schmidtdescribed it as a “voluntary ecosystem” in which “individuals and organizations can complete online transactionswith 14 ,trusting the identities of each otherand the identities of the infrastructure 15 which the transactionruns”.
Still, theadministration’s planhas 16 privacy rights activists. Some applaud theapproach; others are concerned. It seems clear that such a scheme is aninitiative push toward what would 17 be a compulsory Internet “drive’s license” mentality.
The plan hasalso been greeted with 18 by some computer security experts, whoworry that the “voluntaryecosystem” envisionedby Mr. Schmidt would still leave much of the Internet 19 .They argue that all Internet users should be 20 to register and identify themselves, inthe same way that drivers must be licensed to drive on public roads.
1.A.swept B.skipped C.walked D.ridden
2.A.for B.within C.while D.though
3.A.careless B.lawless C.pointless D.helpless
4.A.reason B.reminder C.compromise D.proposal
5.A.information B.interference C.entertainment D.equivalent
6. A.by B.into C.from D.over
7.A.linked B.directed C.chained D.compared
8.A.dismiss B.discover C.create D.improve
9.A.recall B.suggest C.select D.realize
10.A.relcased B.issued C.distributed D.delivered
11. A.carryon B.linger on C.set in D.log in
12. A.Invain B.In effect C.In return D.In contrast
13.A.trusted B.modernized C.thriving D.competing
14.A.caution B.delight C.confidence D.patience
15.A.on B.after C.beyond D.across
16.A.divided B.disappointed C.protected D.united
17.A.frequestly B.incidentally C.occasionally D.eventually
18.A.skepticism B.relerance C.indifference D.enthusiasm
19.A.manageable B.defendable C.vulnerable D.invisible
20.A.invited B.appointed C.allowed D.forced